About the music of the Ancient Rome
Rome inherited the Greek musical culture. When they put it in the hands of slaves and sensual purposes, erased the noble Greek musical concept attached to poetry. The poems are not sung. The Romans practice more comedy, mime and pantomime. Although the preferred instruments are almost the same, as the Greek aulos (the picture above shows an aulos) or trumpet, Roman gets carried only by the external exhibitionism of the performer. The music moves from the field of art to be a grotesque spectacle of pleasure and screaming masses.
Among the string instruments, it include the lyre, cithara and lute. Among the wind instruments are Roman tuba, English horn-like; horn or cornu; the tibia; askaules, as a bagpipe; and versions of flutes and panpipes. In the picture below you see a cornu, preserved in the Limesmuseum in Aalen, Germany. They also used organs and varied percussion.
At the end of the VIII century before Christ, the Italian peninsula was inhabited by different peoples. The Sabines and Latins founded Rome in 753 before Christ. There were three stages. The Monarchy, ruled by kings; the Republic, in which the Romans made numerous colonizations and conquests, defeating in the called Punic Wars to important armies as the Carthaginians; and the Empire, that due the impossibility of governing as magnum territory, it is chosen to establish a new political system, headed by an emperor, with the territory divided into provinces.
The music was played during events like arena shows, funerals, or sacrifices. During the Imperial period, the Romans took their music to the provinces. In the picture below you can see the Roman tuba.