Cologne Cathedral

Cologne Cathedral
  

The Cologne Cathedral is a Gothic cathedral. It is the most important German Gothic monument. It was not completed until the XIX century. It has a great vertical, pointed arches, needle on the cruise and the transept is lower.The German cathedrals are itselves very high. It has the world's largest swinging bell and an organ. It has a wealth of treasures. Some of the treasures that inside saves are for example the golden urn with the remains of the Three Kings, the triptych of Stefan Lochner and the Gero crucifix dating from the IX century, and the windows of medieval colors. To achieve one of the best views of Treasure Museum, you have to climb 509 steps to reach the viewpoint of the South Tower, with a height of 157 meters.


The plant of the cathedral is modeled like the Amiens one, although in Cologne were designed five naves, among which is the center for their height and narrowness, reinforcing the sense of verticality. Outside there is a lot of buttresses, flying buttresses and pinnacles, excelling the high spiers with French inspiration.
Inside, on the north side, we can see the Gero Cross area, which is near the sacristy and is the largest and oldest crucifix of the north of the country. The chorus and presbytery were completed in the year 1322.
The Shrine of the Three Kings is located behind the main altar, forming a masterpiece of medieval metalwork. This reliquary has 220 meters long, and was made in solid gold and silver. Inside it is believed that lie the skulls of Melchor, Gaspar and Baltasar, each one in velvet boxes.


This cathedral belongs to the third period of German Gothic architecture: the XIV century. It is the century of splendor. It is characterized by the starry vaults and crosslinked, predominantly straight ribs, especially for slender towers topped by arrows, equipped with a very sharp sense of verticality.
Gothic churches are brighter and higher. The mindset change. It is not sin that paintings show the reality. The main material is stone, and in Italy, marble. The pillar is the main sustaining element, both internally and externally. The pillars are cruciform. No columns in the Gothic (excluding Italy). The windows let in light, even though not much, it still maintains the idea of ​​darkness. The pointed arch and a Latin cross basilica three to five naves were used.
The Gothic flourishes in the second half of the XII century and continuing until the Renaissance (in Italy until the XV century). It was born in northern France, and gradually is spreading and overruling the Romanesque. It is called Gothic by the Goths, is a derogatory term.


          In conclusion, the Cologne Cathedral is to me the most impressive building in the entire history of art. I have not seen another building that can compare in grandeur. The first time I saw it, it is forever in the most epicness. This building for sure I will go to it more than once in my life.
This cathedral is located in Cologne, in Germany.

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