David of Michelangelo
The David of Michelangelo is a masterpiece of Renaissance. By 1503, he does it when he returns to Florence. It is a sculpture in the round about five feet high. The marble block was a very tall and narrow. He does it something stubborn, so that when is placed on the corresponding pedestal it looks perfect, but at natural height, the actual size is seen. This David, unlike Donatello’s one, is a "before", before the action. He is naked and has a harmonious study, though there is some disproportion. It has contrapposto, and is a mix of pagan (Greek influence; represented as a Greek hero) and Christian (David is a character in the Bible). The gesture is known for its terribilità, and is the first phase of Michelangelo, prior to the discovery of the Laocoon. For many, surpassing even classics like Phidias.
Michelangelo Buonarroti is the typical Renaissance man, with a wide training, although he considers himself a sculptor. He learned in Florence. There are several basic characteristics. One is the terribilità, forced postures and high expressiveness with a vigor and a terrible look of anger as seen in the figure of David or Moses. There are also sculptures that seem unfinished, they are not as polished. This is the non finite. Michelangelo used various materials, but above and for excellence, the marble.
The sculpture of Michelangelo summarizes all the tests of Quattrocento, giving his works a stable body mass balance and movement. His style is constantly imitated in Italy and beyond.
Florence is the cradle of Renaissance sculpture. The Florentine sculptor is inspired by the classics, but without copying them, giving them new life. Before reaching the Cinquecento, in which the tendency to play the classics is accentuated, as long as there is a tendency to idealization, and that greater attention to the human body lends itself to bare itself exists in the Quattrocento a tendency to realism and individualization of the figures. As in antiquity, they will usually use bronze and marble.
In conclusion, the David of Michelangelo is considered a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture and as sculpture in general. That look, that expression, the pose of the body, is something that only a genius like Michelangelo could have made.
It is currently exhibited at the Galleria dell'Accademia in Florence, but until 1910 was located in the Piazza della Signoria of the Tuscan capital. Since then, instead it there is a copy of the artwork real-size also made with marble.