Requiem of Mozart

Requiem of Mozart


The Requiem, or Requiem Mass, by Mozart, is a musical piece based on the Latin texts for the Requiem, the Catholic liturgical ceremony following the death of a person. This is the nineteenth and final Mass written by Mozart and his work 626. Mozart died before finishing it in 1791.
A stranger came to the house of Mozart and commissioned him to do a Requiem, and he would pay, but did not disclose his name. The pressure of the composition of the Requiem, along with the life and beliefs of the time, Mozart started to believe that the stranger was a messenger of doom that was forcing him to compose a requiem for his own funeral. This unknown man was actually an envoy of the Count Franz von Walsegg, who wanted a requiem for his deceased wife, but not unveiled his identity because he wanted to take over the music.
It was composed for symphony orchestra, choir and soloists (soprano, alto, tenor and bass). The instruments for which it was composed this Requiem respond to the typical outline of a symphony orchestra of the late XVIII century, but somewhat smaller. It is divided into seven blocks, some of which, in turn, are subdivided into smaller parts.


Mozart, before his death, managed to finish only three sections with full choir and organ: Introitus, Kyrie and Dies Irae. The rest of the sequence left the instrumental parts, choir, solo voices and encryption of low and incomplete body, plus annotations for his pupil Franz Xaver Süssmayr. There was also instrumental and choral indications in the Domine Jesu and Agnus Dei. He had not left anything written for the Sanctus and the Communio. Although initially Constanze, his widow, asked the court musician Leopold Joseph Eybler that ended the Requiem, was his disciple Süssmayer who ends it, following the guidelines of Mozart, completing the missing parts of the instrumentation, adding music where missing and composing fully the Sanctus. For Communio, simply used topics from the Introit and Kyrie, in a way of recapitulation, to give coherence to the work. Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, better known as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a prodigy child that took his father well, because he took him on tour with just five years.
He belongs to the musical classicism, which corresponds to neoclassicism in the other arts. His music is simple and ingenous, like him. The joy of his music obscures the clouds that were behind it. In general, classical music is objective, contained in emotions, courtly and elegant. Music is planned for the aristocracy and high society, and not for the people.


            In conclusion, the Requiem of Mozart is a masterpiece of the history of music. It expresses a great feeling and it seems brought out from heaven, from a different world from ours. It is also the first classical concert I've ever seen, and I will never forget it. Mozart is and will always be a master.

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