Sakura Sakura is a traditional Japanese folk song depicting spring, the season of cherry blossoms. It was composed in the Edo Period, from
1603 to 1868. It was adopted as a
piece for beginning koto students. The melody is pentatonic.
The song has been popular since the Meiji period, and the lyrics in their present form were attached then. This song, or only its music, is often used as a song representative of Japan.
The Edo Period corresponds to Tokugawa, where Japan was closed to all outside contact. The capital was established in Edo, the future Tokyo. Christians were persecuted and European traders, expelled. Despite this, the trade and crafts proliferated. The Edo Period is classified in the Premodern Period.
Japanese music had its first manifestations in the honkyoku (original pieces), dating back to the XIX century before Christ, and the min'yō, Japanese folk songs.
During the Edo period, the music was mostly chamber music, profane, developed with various instruments like the shamisen (three-stringed lute), shakuhachi (bamboo flute) and koto (zither with 13 strings).