The Messiah of Händel
The Messiah HWV 56 is the most famous work of Georg Friedrich Händel. The music of the Messiah is rooted in the ancient German cantatas and passions. Händel composed the artwork in London in
just three weeks. Although traditionally associated with Christmas, this oratory
is not only about the birth of Jesus, but his whole life. A few months after
being composed, the work was premiered in Ireland, during a tour of Händel, but
the grand opening did not come until 1742, at the New Music Hall in Dublin for
a charity concert. The librettist Charles Jennens wrote the text of the oratory,
composed of biblical passages. Jennens presented the artwork as if it was an
opera, divided into three acts divided into scenes.
The first part has the theme of Advent and Christmas. Christ's coming was announced, so there are some moments of exaltation marked by a great expressive intensity. The second part illustrates the Passion, Resurrection and Ascension ending with the famous "Hallelujah". So the second part, which had begun in the pain and sorrow of the Passion, rejoices with the "Hallelujah" embraced by the choir, trumpets and timpani. In the third, the victory of Christ before death, the Last Judgment and the word "Amen", which ends the artwork.
Georg Friedrich Händel was born in Halle in the same year as Bach, the 1685 His father wanted he to study laws. From 1707-1710 he visited Italy, where he represented several successful works. Moving to London in the last year, soon stand out as organist, being touted as the successor to Purcell. In England founded in 1719 the Royal Academy of Music for opera performance. In the coming years he will be directing different opera companies. By 1740 he leaves the opera because the success of some of his earlier oratorios. He continued to tour, despite befall blindness in 1751, shortly before his death in 1759. The British people buried him in the Westminster Abbey. It was the first modern composer to adapt his music to the tastes of the public, the people. Melt the severe German personality with the Italian grace operatic and with the stately English brilliance.
Baroque music is later than the other arts. The secular music prevails over religious, where the vocals and instruments are matched in importance. There is independence in styles, with more demarcation of national styles. What is important is the dramatic. Prevail the vertical or homophonic style. The same composer practices four genres: sacred, secular, vocal and instrumental. The melodies are broad, varied, and ornamented with vibrant rhythm.
In conclusion, the Messiah of Händel will prevail as a unique artwork, and as the highest expression of the religious feeling, and this composer also as one of the greatest Baroque composers and one of the best composers in the history of music.