Tombs of Cerveteri
The Tombs of Cerveteri, also called the Necropolis of the Banditaccia, is a collection of Etruscan tombs from the IX and III century before Christ. Its origin is in vilanovians (vilanovianas in spanish) graves in the town of Cava della Pozzolana, and Banditaccia name derives from the fact that since the late XIX century the area was banditted (bandita in spanish), that is, rented by landowners of Cerveteri in favor of the local population.
The oldest graves are vilanovians, and are characterized by small well form, where the ashes of the deceased were guarded, or pits for burial. The VII century ones, Etruscan period, there are two types of graves, the barrow, a structure characterized by circular tuff that show inside a representation of the house of the deceased, and dice form, which consisted of a long row graves regularly aligned along the sepulchral streets.
These mounds are part of the funerary architecture. Due to religious beliefs, burial chambers were made, sometimes carved into the rock, and others in mound. They consist generally of a domed central chamber sometimes sustained by columns or pillars and frescoed walls.
The Etruscans came to Italy about the middle of the VIII century before Christ, from Asia Minor. In their constructions have given the model to Rome, being the initiators in the use of arch and vault. Their culture is developed until the late III century before Christ, where they were absorbed by Rome.
In conclusion, these mounds are something very special. These ways to build the tombs are not seen anywhere else. It is very beautiful to see the vegetation on top of the mounds.
This necropolis can be visited at Cerveteri, in Rome, Italy.