Family of Amenophis IV and Nefertiti
The Family of Amenophis IV and Nefertiti is a bas-relief sculpture, belonging to the called Egyptian New Kingdom, that goes from the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt around 1500 before Christ and ends around 1070 before Christ with the arrival to the throne of the sovereign of Libyan origin.
In this bas-relief is Amenophis IV at left and Nefertiti at right, a marriage that is with their children being protected by the rays of the sun, representing Aton, the god represented by the sun disk in Egyptian mythology. You can see that the characters are deformed, and the heads of the children are oval. It is made of limestone and was found at Tell-el-Amarna.
Amenophis conducted a monotheistic religious reform which led to a change in representation: it now represents the pharaoh family as a mere mortal, not a god. The forms are softer and dynamic. Before worshiped many gods, and with Amenophis, only Aton.
Most of the sculptures that have survived are in graves, because in it the image that supports the soul of the dead are deposited, and also are accompanied by representations of the deities. Scenes on the walls, in reliefs or painted, about Egyptian life are represented, or are told the feats of the Pharaoh. In the New Kingdom, the character is more delicate and elegant.
Along the Nile River, the Egyptian civilization is formed. It is a civilization with its own personality. The religious conception and divine concept of royalty determine the creation of an official art, around beyond. The history of Egyptian art is usually divided into many stages as its history. It is said that it started in 3300 before Christ, until 395 before Christ, according to the historical divisions.
In conclusion, this sculpture is remarkable both for its iconography and its outline. Amenophis IV was not represented as a god, and that makes the figures look deformed.
This artwork is in the National Museum of Berlin, in Germany.