The complex of Machu Picchu, with Inca origin, was built in the XV century, and according to documents of the XVI century, it became the residence of Pachacútec, ninth ruler of the Inca state. However, it was used as a religious center, as is evidenced by the ceremonial constructions. The complex is divided into two main areas: agricultural area, formed by sets of farming terraces, located south; and the urban area, which is, of course, the one where their occupants lived and where the main civil and religious activities were developed. Both areas are separated by a wall, a ditch and a staircase.
The buildings are characterized by adapting its forms to the ground conditions. They reserved the natural flat land for fields, and moved the uses of housing or other construction to the land on slopes. Thus, most of his works of non-agricultural use were made in rocky terrain, irregular or non-arable slopes. When they lacked of flat terrain, they enabled them in terraces.
The natural environment of Machu Picchu is forested, tropical and rain. It is surrounded by mountains steeply sloping and is flanked by the deep canyon formed by the Urubamba river passing through this part of the watershed of the Vilcanota.
America is a very large continent and it is separated from the others. The fundamental civilization of South America is the Inca Empire, which continues the tradition of the preinca constructions. The residence of the Incas was in Cuzco.
In conclusion, Machu Picchu is an impressive and mysterious construction, which fits perfectly into the natural surroundings. Its large size makes it almost an ancient Inca city.It is located in Aguas Calientes, in Peru.