Mastaba of Shepseskaf
The Mastaba of Shepseskaf or Mastaba el-Fara’un it is the tomb of the pharaoh Shepseskaf, the last ruler of the IV Dynasty. It is not known if he is the son of Mikerinos, but he married a daughter of him. It belongs to the Old Kingdom. For currently unknown reasons, instead of getting up a pyramid in his honor, he lifted this gigantic mastaba.
The complex is the classic pattern, ie, a Valley Temple and a road that links this temple with the Funerary Temple. The Valley Temple has not been located. This complex is built with a double wall of adobe bricks.
The camera had a mortuary temple where rituals were performed before presentation of the offerings. It has a false door. The mastaba is of two-storey limestone. The masonry is of red sandstone, as in the Red Pyramid of Snefru.
The mastabas are part of funerary architecture. They are made of brick or stone, and outwardly have the appearance of a truncated pyramid. They evolve to the pyramids. It was a single or even double burial and are clustered in cities of the dead. They can be found near Pyramids. They are raised on the west bank of the Nile, by which the sun was setting.
They have a vertical pit that leads to the burial chamber, which was covered to prevent theft. There were the sarcophagus and the grave goods. The mastabas also have a chapel where is the table of offerings with the serdab, a small room separated by a false door where the dead’s statue of the Ka.
Along the Nile River, the Egyptian civilization is formed. It is a civilization with its own personality. The religious conception and divine concept of royalty determine the creation of an official art, around beyond. The history of Egyptian art is usually divided into many stages as its history. It is said that it started in 3300 before Christ, until 395 before Christ, according to the historical divisions.
In conclusion, the mastabas are the typical burial building of the ancient Egyptians and in general all Egyptian art. This particular one stands out for many reasons, both for its grandeur and its condition.
It is found in Saqqara, in Memphis, Cairo, Egypt.