San Eloy of Salzillo
The sculpture of San Eloy of Salzillo is an artwork of the XVIII century, Baroque, polychrome wood. San Eloy is the Saint Patron of silversmiths, goldsmiths, jewelers, blacksmiths, irons and numismatists. It is definitely, a image to dress. It represents San Eloy seeing the crucifix in his right hand while his left hand is touching his chest.
The hands have a dramatic, forceful realism. It is also noticeable the author's knowledge of human anatomy. It has movement, therefore the folds of the dress as the very form of the composition. It has a slightly forward leg.
Francisco Salzillo is the most important sculptor of the XVIII century in Spain. He was born in Murcia, in 1707. Educated at the studio of his father, Vicente Nicolás Salzillo, his early death forces him to abandon his religious vocation and to care the needs of his large familiy. In the workshop of his father, with effective assistance of his brothers, he serves the large number of orders that people ask him. He died in 1783.
In Baroque sculpture is broken the Michelangelesque balance. Baroque sculpture is subordinate to architecture, seeking the picturesque effect of the whole. Contributes to encourage architectural aesthetics, with plans and clothes that move with the resulting lighting effects. It is what is called integration of arts.
The term Baroque is not known exactly where it comes from, but it defines the opposition to classical art. The XVII century is the century of its spread throughout Europe. The XVIII century is partly baroque, partly rococo, which is heavily charged. It all started in Rome, Italy, and came to Latin America. At the Council of Trent used the arts to close more and levied upon the Protestants.
In conclusion, today November 27, 2014 is the Day of San Eloy, so I wanted to commemorate this day commenting this sculpture. A sculpture that attracts attention for its strength.It is in the Iglesia de San Bartolomé, in Murcia, Spain.