Vihāra of Ajantā
The Vihāra of Ajantā, or the Ajantā Caves, of the II-VI centuries, is a set of thirty caves (5 chaityas and 25 vihāras) carved into the rock. The chaityas are Buddhist monasteries of funerary character intended to pilgrimage. The vihāras are Buddhist sanctuaries for meditation.
This complex brings together architecture, sculpture and painting. Sixteen of these caves are decorated with murals, made with vegetable and mineral pigments on a layer of clay mixed with straw and lime. The theme is centered on the life of Buddha and the jataka, Buddhist folk tales, although there are also scenes from nature and daily routine.
Stands out the Beautiful Bodhisattva or Bodhisattva of the Blue Lotus, representation of the bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara, shown larger than in natural and surrounded by figures and animals. He is in double bending posture, and his features translate the ideal of beauty of the time, as shaped lotus petal eyes and eyebrows curved like an Indian bow.
It belongs to the Gupta Period, within the Buddhist period, of the IV-VIII centuries. It is the classical age of Indian art. It is also the time of the expansion of Buddhism through the rest of Asia. Its art is an evolution of the previous styles, characterized by the purity of form, harmony of proportions, and idealization of the human figure.
In India, the civilization began in the mid-III millennium before Christ, in the area of the Indus river basin, where perhaps there were Sumerian influences. From 1500 before Christ came the invasion of the Hindus, people of Indo-Aryan language, of whose merger with the existing population in India is born the Hindu civilization.
In conclusion, when I discovered this complex I was amazed, never before I had seen anything like it, it is unique in art. I would like to visit this place someday.It is in the Aurangabad District, in Maharashtra, India.