Bust of Shivá Mahādeva

Bust of Shivá Mahādeva

            The Bust of Shivá Mahādeva is an Indian sculpture of VI century. This sculpture of six meters is an example of trimurti, which in Sanskrit means "three forms". This term refers to three Hindu gods Brahmá, Vishnú and Shivá. Thus, there is a male figure, a female, and another androgynous or hermaphroditic.
Before talking about the sculpture I must talk about its location although very briefly. It is located in the Vihāra of Elephanta, or Elephanta Caves, name adopted by a sculpture of an elephant. A Vihāra was a kind of monastery dug into the caves, of square plant.
Brahmá is the creator god of the universe, and is traditionally depicted with four heads of white beards (symbol of wisdom), four arms and a red or yellow skin. Vishnú is the preserver god, which usually has blue skin and is known for its various avatars. Shivá is the destroyer god, Parvati's husband and father of Ganesha and Kartikeia.

            In the VI century in India is in the Gupta period, within the Buddhist period. The Buddhist period extending from the III century BC to the VIII century AD approximately. The Gupta period goes from the IV century to the VIII century. It is the classical age of Indian art. It is also the time of the expansion of Buddhism through the rest of Asia. Its art is an evolution of the previous styles, characterized by purity of form, harmony of proportions, and idealization of the human figure.
In India, the civilization began in the mid-III millennium before Christ, in the area of ​​the Indus river basin, where perhaps there were Sumerian influences. From 1500 before Christ came the invasion of the Hindus, people of Indo-Aryan language, of whose merger with the existing population in India is born the Hindu civilization.

            In conclusion, this symbolic and huge artwork is part of the cultural heritage of India, quite unknown but very beautiful and interesting.
           It is located on the Vihāra of Elephanta on an island in the Bay of Bombay, India.

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