Oval Temple of Khafadye
The Oval Temple of Khafadye was a great Mesopotamian temple, Sumerian more specifically, about the year 2500 BC. Dedicated to an unknown god, has a double wall where there were stays with religious functions, but also other commercial and administrative uses.
The actual temple was in the second enclosure, together with piles and rituals wells, and situated on a small platform of about three feet. At these news is added the location of the statue of the god inside the cella or sancta-sanctorum at right angles to the gateway. The position of the temple ensures safety because of the protection of the double wall.
It was in Sumer where the temple began as a typical Mesopotamian construction. It was the center of civil and religious power, and the abundant alluvial mud allowed the use of adobe bricks. With the model of temples would begin to develop of the the kind of architecture known as Ziggurat, already fully configured in Neosumerian period, around 2000 BC.
The Mesopotamian civilization was developed around the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. Due to the constant wars, they didn’t achieve a constant political unity. Since the VI century, subdued and dominated by the Persians, ceases to exist as an independent civilization and begins to live within the Persian culture.
In conclusion, this large oval temple was a great religious and defensive innovation in the structure of the temples, which soon would lead to the Mesopotamian ziggurat. It's a shame that there is nothing left of it.