The Taj Mahal is a building belonging to the Islamic period in India. It was built by the fifth Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, in memory of his second wife Mumtaz Mahal, a Persian princess. She died while accompanying her husband in Burhanpur for a military campaign. She died after giving birth to their fourteenth child.
The construction of the mausoleum began in 1631 and took 22 years to complete, having been employed 22,000 workers. The materials were brought from all parts of India and Central Asia and a fleet of 1,000 elephants to transport was needed. It was designed by the Iranian architect Istad Use.
It is a symbol of eternal love. On a terrace of white marble rises the dome flanked by four minarets. Within the dome lies the cenotaph of the queen, with embedded jewels.
The Islamic period of Indian art is developed between the XIII and XVIII centuries. The Islamic invasion caused a great upheaval in India. Muslim devastation caused the extinction of Buddhism. Following a succession of dynasties, was formed the Mughal Empire, which reunited India. The traditional forms of Islamic art characteristic elements were added. Recall that Islamic figurative sculpture had no representation, nor painting, but in this case it will be a kind of painting.
In India, the civilization began in the mid-III millennium before Christ, in the area of the Indus river basin, where perhaps there were Sumerian influences. From 1500 before Christ came the invasion of the Hindus, people of Indo-Aryan language, of whose merger with the existing population in India is born the Hindu civilization.
In conclusion, the Taj Mahal is one of the most beautiful constructions ever built, and a symbol of love of a man to his wife.It is located in Agra, India.